High Court of Australia

The Grain Pool of WA v The Commonwealth [2000] HCA 14

202 CLR 479; 74 ALJR 648; 170 ALR 111

23 Mar 2000

Case Number: P34/1998


Gleeson CJ, Gaudron, McHugh, Gummow, Kirby, Hayne, Callinan JJ


Intellectual Property – Plant Variety Rights - Whether Plant Variety Rights Act 1987 (Cth) was valid - Whether s 82 of Plant Breeder's Rights Act 1994 (Cth) is valid - Scope of s 51(xviii) of the Constitution - Patents of inventions - Nature of varieties of intellectual property - Whether s 51(xviii) requires novelty or inventiveness.

Constitutional Law – Commonwealth Constitution - Legislative powers of the Parliament - Meaning of - Relevance of meaning of words in 1900.

Words and Phrases – "patents of inventions", "origination", "breeding", "intellectual effort", "inventiveness", "novelty", "process", "product", "patent".

Constitution – s 51(xviii).

Plant Variety Rights Act 1987 (Cth).

Plant Breeder's Rights Act 1994 (Cth).


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