High Court of Australia

Palmer Bruyn & Parker Pty Ltd v Parsons [2001] HCA 69

208 CLR 388; 76 ALJR 163; 185 ALR 280

6 Dec 2001

Case Number: S8/2001


Gleeson CJ, Gummow, Kirby, Hayne, Callinan JJ


Injurious falsehood – Elements of the tort - Forged letter containing false statements - Initial publication to defined group intended to ridicule subject of letter - Report in newspaper of "bogus letter" - Contract terminated as a result of newspaper report - Whether loss suffered caused by initial publication - Whether loss suffered was a natural and probable consequence of initial publication - Identification of relevant falsehood - Relevance of reasonable foreseeability as criterion for limiting liability - Causation of plaintiff's damage - Whether actual damage to plaintiff proved or assumed by expert report.

Words and phrases – "Natural and probable consequence", "grapevine effect".


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