Constitutional law – Validity of Australian Citizenship Act 2005 (Cth) - Whether Constitution provides power with respect to citizenship - Whether such power arises from express or implied terms of Constitution - Whether power with respect to citizenship arises from status as independent sovereign nation.
Constitutional law – Citizen - Whether "citizen" is synonym for "the people of the Commonwealth" - Relationship between citizenship and alienage - Citizenship as status to which other rights attach.
Constitutional law – Relationship between Constitution and international law.
Australian Citizenship Act 2005 (Cth).
Migration Act 1958 (Cth).
Words and phrases "the people of the Commonwealth" – "alien", "citizen".