French CJ, Gummow, Hayne, Heydon, Crennan, Kiefel, Bell JJ
Taxation – Charitable institution - Appellant had object of promoting greater efficiency and effectiveness of foreign aid - Whether appellant "charitable institution" for purposes of Commonwealth tax exemptions and concessions - Whether meaning of "charitable institution" in revenue laws governed by law of charitable trusts - Whether meaning of "charitable institution" interpreted as at time of enactment - Whether appellant's main, predominant or dominant objects charitable - Whether for relief of poverty - Whether for advancement of education - Whether otherwise for purpose within spirit and intendment of preamble to Statute of Elizabeth 1601 (43 Eliz I c 4).
Trusts – Charitable trusts - Political objects doctrine - Whether, and to what extent, doctrine recognised by common law of Australia.
Words and phrases – "charitable institution", "political objects", "political purposes".
A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999 (Cth) – s 176-1.
Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986 (Cth) – s 65J(1)(baa).