French CJ, Gummow, Hayne, Heydon, Crennan, Kiefel, Bell JJ
Constitutional law (Cth) – Taxation - s 51(ii) - Superannuation guarantee charge imposed upon employers who fail to provide to employees a prescribed level of superannuation - Charge debt due to Commonwealth and paid into Consolidated Revenue Fund for benefit of employees - Whether law imposing charge not a law with respect to taxation because charge is not imposed for "public purposes", and because it confers a "private and direct benefit" on employees of those employers who pay charge.
Words and phrases – "charge", "compulsory exaction", "private and direct benefit", "public purposes".
Constitution – s 51(ii).
Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 (Cth) – ss 16, 17.
Superannuation Guarantee Charge Act 1992 (Cth) – ss 5, 6.