High Court of Australia

Strong v Woolworths Limited [2012] HCA 5

246 CLR 182; 86 ALJR 267; 285 ALR 420

7 Mar 2012

Case Number: S172/2011

Before

French CJ, Gummow, Heydon, Crennan, Bell JJ

Catchwords

Negligence – Causation - Slip and fall injury - Absence of adequate system for periodic inspection and cleaning - Whether factual causation under s 5D of Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW) ("Act") excludes notions of "material contribution" - Whether appellant had proved factual causation under s 5D(1)(a) of Act - Whether open on evidence to apply probabilistic reasoning in Shoeys Pty Ltd v Allan (1991) Aust Torts Reports 81-104.

Words and phrases – "but for", "causation", "material contribution", "necessary condition", "slipping case", "system of periodic inspection and cleaning".

Civil Liability Act 2002 (NSW) – ss 5D, 5E.

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