High Court of Australia

Kakavas v Crown Melbourne Limited [2013] HCA 25

87 ALJR 708; 298 ALR 35

5 Jun 2013

Case Number: M117/2012


French CJ, Hayne, Crennan, Kiefel, Bell, Gageler, Keane JJ


Equity – Unconscionable conduct – Where appellant gambled at first respondent's casino and lost $20. 5 million – Where appellant diagnosed as suffering from condition known as "pathological gambling" – Where appellant subject to "interstate exclusion order" under Casino Control Act 1991 (Vic) – Whether gambling transactions affected by unconscionable dealing – Whether appellant suffered from special disadvantage making him susceptible to exploitation – Whether first respondent had sufficient knowledge of any special disadvantage.

Words and phrases – "actual knowledge", "constructive notice", "interstate exclusion order", "special disadvantage", "unconscionable conduct".

Casino Control Act 1991 (Vic) – ss 76, 77(2), 78B.

Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth) – s 51AA.

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