High Court of Australia

TCL Air Conditioner (Zhongshan) Co Ltd v The Judges of the Federal Court of Australia [2013] HCA 5

87 ALJR 410; 295 ALR 596

13 Mar 2013

Case Number: S178/2012


French CJ, Hayne, Crennan, Kiefel, Bell, Gageler JJ


Constitutional law – Judicial power of Commonwealth – Constitution, Ch III – Section 16(1) of International Arbitration Act 1974 (Cth) provided that UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration ("Model Law") has "force of law in Australia" – Article 35 of Model Law provided that arbitral award shall be enforced upon application to "competent court" – Where Federal Court of Australia had no power to refuse to enforce arbitral award for error of law on face of award – Whether institutional integrity of Federal Court impermissibly impaired – Whether judicial power of Commonwealth vested in arbitral tribunals.

Words and phrases – "arbitral award", "institutional integrity", "judicial power".

Constitution – Ch III.

International Arbitration Act 1974 (Cth) – Pt III, ss 16(1), 19, Sched 2 Arts 5, 8, 28, 34, 35, 36.

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