High Court of Australia

Tony Strickland (a pseudonym) v Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions [2018] HCA 53

Donald Galloway (a pseudonym) v Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions

Edmund Hodges (a pseudonym) v Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions

Rick Tucker (a pseudonym) v Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions

8 Nov 2018

Case Number: M168/2017 M174/2017 M175/2017 M176/2017


Kiefel CJ, Bell, Gageler, Keane, Nettle, Gordon, Edelman JJ


Criminal practice – Abuse of process – Where Australian Crime Commission ("ACC") received information concerning allegations that company involved in criminal activity – Where allegations referred to Australian Federal Police ("AFP") – Where appellants declined to participate in cautioned record of interview with AFP – Where appellants compulsorily examined by ACC – Where examiner aware that appellants were suspects who may be charged with an offence – Where examiner permitted AFP officers to watch examinations from nearby room without disclosing their presence to appellants – Where examiner permitted dissemination of examination material to AFP and Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions – Where appellants subsequently charged with Commonwealth and Victorian offences – Where appellants sought permanent stay of prosecutions for abuse of process – Where primary judge permanently stayed prosecutions – Where Court of Appeal of Supreme Court of Victoria allowed appeals from orders of primary judge – Whether ACC conducted special investigation under Australian Crime Commission Act 2002 (Cth) – Whether examinations unlawful – Whether prosecution derived forensic advantage from examinations – Whether appellants suffered forensic disadvantage as result of examinations – Whether examinations unlawful infringement upon appellants' right to silence – Whether examiner's conduct reckless – Whether permanent stay necessary to prevent administration of justice falling into disrepute.

Words and phrases – "abuse of process", "administration of justice", "coercive powers", "compulsive powers", "compulsory examination", "derivative use", "direct use", "dissemination of examination product", "fair trial", "forensic advantage", "forensic choice", "forensic disadvantage", "illegally obtained evidence", "improper purpose", "integrity of the court", "locked in", "may be charged", "non-publication directions", "permanent stay", "prejudice", "prosecution brief", "prosecutorial team", "reckless", "right to silence", "special investigation", "suspect", "trial directions", "unlawfully obtained evidence".

Australian Crime Commission Act 2002 (Cth) – ss 7C, 46A, Pt II Div 2.

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