High Court of Australia

Kalbasi v Western Australia [2018] HCA 7

14 Mar 2018

Case Number: P21/2017

Before

Kiefel CJ, Bell, Gageler, Keane, Nettle, Gordon, Edelman JJ

Catchwords

Criminal law – Appeal against conviction – Application of proviso – Where appellant indicted for attempting to possess prohibited drug with intent to sell or supply to another – Where police replaced prohibited drug with another substance – Where trial judge and counsel erroneously assumed s 11 of Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 (WA) applied deeming possession of quantity of drugs sufficient to prove possession for purpose of sale or supply to another – Where jury erroneously directed that proof of possession of substitute "drugs" would suffice to prove intention to sell or supply to another – Where intention not otherwise live issue at trial – Where sole issue at trial was appellant's possession of substitute "drugs" – Where prosecution concedes erroneous direction as to intention but contends "no substantial miscarriage of justice has occurred" – Whether "no substantial miscarriage of justice has occurred" – Whether misdirection precluded application of proviso.

Words and phrases – "deemed intent", "error of outcome", "error of process", "fundamental defect", "fundamental error", "fundamentally flawed", "inevitability of result", "intention", "loss of a fair or real chance of acquittal", "miscarriage of justice", "negative proposition", "proviso", "reasonable jury", "substantial miscarriage of justice", "this jury".

Criminal Appeals Act 2004 (WA) – s 30.

Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 (WA) – ss 6(1)(a), 11, 33(1), 34.
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